Lawang Sewu Semarang
Lawang Sewu Semarang
Lawang Sewu Semarang
Lawang Sewu Semarang
Lawang Sewu Semarang
Lawang Sewu Semarang
Lawang Sewu Semarang
Lawang Sewu Semarang
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LawangSewu Semarang
Address:
Jl. Pemuda, Sekayu, Semarang Tengah, Kota Semarang, Jawa Tengah 50132

Lawang Sewu is one of the tourist icons and also a historical building in the city of Semarang, Central Java province. As is known that the city of Semarang has many tourist sites or recreational objects, such as;Semarang Bandungan tourist attractions, romantic Semarang tourist attractions, Semarang district tourism objects, Semarang night tours, Semarang culinary tours, Semarang Wonderia tourist attractions, Maron Semarang beach, and many other tourist attractions. The location of Lawang Sewu as a building that has many doors and windows is located in Tugu Muda Complex, Jl. Pemuda, Sekayu, Central Semarang. The origin of Lawang Sewu originated from the history of railways in Indonesia, which at that time was built as Het Hoofdkantoor Van de Nederlandsch - Indische Spoorweg Maatscappij (NIS), namely as the head office. NIS was a private railroad company in the Dutch era which first built a railway line in Indonesia, with a train route to connect Semarang with Surakarta and Yogyakarta (Vorstenlanden) in 1867.

The rapid development of the transportation network at that time was followed by the increasing need for work space, so it was decided to build an administrative office in a new place. So it was chosen at a location located on the edge of the city near the Dutch East Indies Resident's house, south of Bodjongweg, Semarang. Then the NIS Directors handed over the planning of the Lawang Sewu building to Dutch architects, namely B.J Ouendag and Prof. Jacob F Klinkhamer.


 
The construction of Lawang Sewu began in February 1904 and was completed in 1907. The first building to be constructed was a house for guards and printing, followed by the main building. After several years of use, office expansion was carried out by building additional buildings in 1916 - 1918. Previously, in 1873 the first railroad in the Dutch East Indies had been completed, where the railroad was also built by NIS, which obtained concessions from colonial rulers with the aim was to connect fertile agricultural areas in Central Java with the port city of Semarang. And the train station in Semarang is near the port, namely in Tambaksari.

In 1908 the new NIS headquarters was built, where the building was located at the end of the Bodjong road, in Wilhelmina Plein opposite the Governor's house. The NIS head office is a large 2-storey L-shaped building, the work of the architect of J.F Klinkhamer and Ouendag in the style of Renaissance Revival. At the turn of the 20th century, NIS again built a large new station, and in 1914 the Tambaksari train station was replaced with Tawang Train Station. With the background or impact of the expansion of the colonies, the decentralization of colonial administration, and the growth of private businesses, there is a great need to establish housing and public buildings.

Museum or historical buildings of Lawang Sewu Semarang are the work of architects to make the building a modern office that fits the climate and weather in Semarang. All building materials composing Lawang Sewu besides teak, brick, and natural stone, are imported from countries in Europe. When the Youth Train Team (AMKA) was trying to take over the train through a battle against the Japanese invaders, dozens of young people were killed in the Lawag Sewu building, so to commemorate it in front of the Lawang Sewu building a monument was built to commemorate the Five Day Battle in Semarang, which until now referred to as Tugu Muda Semarang.

The Lawang Sewu Museum is named because of the large number of doors and windows that are called lawang sewu (lawang = door, sewu = one thousand). Even though the actual number of the actual Lawang Sewu doors is 429, and the number of doors is more than 1,200 consisting of 2 swing-type doors, and 2 sliding doors. In its development, Lawang Sewu has been undergoing renovations and repairs to improve and maintain historical buildings that also have a side of myth, legend, and the mystery story of Lawang Sewu. So that Lawang Sewu is very suitable to be used as one of the tourist icons in Semarang, both as a place of historical tourism, railroad museum tours, and also as a vehicle for educational tourism.
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